Mexico is the world’s 14th largest country with a territory measuring 758,774 square miles. It is slightly less than three times the size of Texas and roughly the size of Western Europe!
In a territory so vast you would expect varied geography but Mexico defies description. Landscapes range from deserts and mountains to fertile plains and valleys and tropical lowlands. Climate zones are equally diverse, from Mediterranean and semi-arid in the north to temperate and sub-tropical in the center and tropical in the south, all this enables farmers to grow a wide variety of temperate and tropical crops.
Mexico is already the leading exporter of vegetables in Latin America and the world’s leading exporter of avocados, mangos, guavas, papayas, peppers, tomatoes, sweetened cocoa and beer. It is ranked second in the cultivation and export of watermelon, limes and berries such as raspberry, blackberries and mulberries, and a major coffee exporter. It is also the world’s fourth most important honey producer, much of it coming from the Yucatán. Nevertheless, the agricultural sector could produce so much more.
The goal of the Mexican government is to make the country self-sufficient in the production of corn and other staple foods and wean it off importing grains, expand its exports of a range of crops and strengthen the rural economy.